The Mathnaví by Rúhu'lláh Varqá, the martyr:
A few notes on its historical context and poetical content

By Julio Savi and Faezeh Mardani

Presented at the Irfan Colloquia Session #146
Centre for Bahá'í Studies: Acuto, Italy
July 5–9, 2017
(see list of papers from #146)

published in Lights of Irfan, volume 19, pages 269-284
© 2018, ‘Irfán Colloquia


    A tentative translation of the Mathnav by Rúḥu'llh Varq, the martyr, is presented. It is accompanied by a few historical remarks on the short life of this heroic child and a concise commentary of the content of his poem. After a few words on the mathnav in Persian literature, the most important images presented in the poem are briefly explained: the motif of the cup-bearer and the cup, springtime motifs, love motifs. The poem is a hymn of love to the Blessed Beauty. However, in the final 10 verses after verse 31 the poet turns to 'Abdu'l-Bah and it closes his eulogy with a quotation of a verse from one of the Master's poems (Ay Khudy-i-Pur-'Aṭy-i-Dhu'l-Mann), a rhetorical device called Taḍmn.