Sociopolitical Conditions of the Ottoman Empire in the Nineteenth Century

By Kamran Ekbal

First presented at the Irfan Colloquia Session #18
Trent Park Campus: London, England
August 21–24, 1998
(see list of papers from #18)

    Ottoman Society in the nineteenth century was a society in transition. The modernization process initiated by the social and administrative reforms of the Tanzimat, changes in patterns of social and religious organization (Millet-system), imperialist policies of the Great Powers and the rise of separationist movements, from Egypt through the Levant and Greece to the Balkans, characterize this period of political unrest and tension in Ottoman history. In this context the history of Edirne (Adrianople) will be taken into special consideration.

this paper is not yet online