References to Karim Khan Kirmani and the Irshád al-'Avám in Bahá'u'lláh's Kitáb-i Íqán

By S. Quinn

First presented at the Irfan Colloquia Session #48
Center for Bahá'í­ Studies: Acuto, Italy
July 10–13, 2003
(see list of papers from #48)

published in Lights of Irfan, volume 5, pages 183-190
under new title
"Karím Khán Kirmání and the Kitáb-i-Iqán"
© 2004, ‘Irfán Colloquia


    This paper will provide an introduction to Karim Khan Kirmani, his life, and his works, in order to contextualize his complex relationship to the Bábá and Bahá'í­ religions and their founders. The topic will be narrowed down by a closer examination of two particular works: the Irshád al-'Avám and the Kitáb-i Íqán. Particular emphasis will be placed on the mi'ráj and its role in Islamic and Bábí/Bahá'í­ texts. The paper will end with a discussion of normative lists of "prerequisites" in the same literatures.